Vermiculture is a perfect fun activity for you and your family. You get to naturally fertilize your plants, improve your garden’s soil structure, and save money for farm chemicals.’
With the popularity vermicompost has gained with farmers, starting a worm farm could be a great way to earn extra money. Starting a worm farm is among the easiest and cheapest agricultural hack you could try, yet make unimaginable profits. Read on to find tips on how to start your worm farm.
1. Find A Suitable Location.
Where you put your worm composter matters a big deal, it’s crucial to decide whether you will be doing your composting indoors or out in the open. Well, this highly depends on the volume of scraps you plan to be composting at a time and the space you have for the venture.
The location you choose should be accessible since you have to keep adding your kitchen refuse to the bin. However, it should not be so close to your house to avoid bad odor from the compost.
If you choose to place your composter outdoors, place the bins under shade to protect the warms from scorching in the sun. Also, get worm bins with lids. You don’t want to drown your worms on a rainy day.
For an indoor compositor, carefully choose a discreet room, either in the basement or at the garage corner. Use bins with leads to prevent bad odor and spillages in case the room is in us.
2. Build Or Buy A Worm Kit.
The choice of your worm holding container is vital. There are many worm kits you could buy in the market. They come in different sizes, choose depending on the amount of waste you plan on decomposing per month. Some kits are segmented into trays, while others are a deep space where you dump all your fresh waste.
If you have some building skills, creating your worm cage is a brilliant idea. A worm farm from wood is the easiest to construct. Create one that is spacious enough. Additionally, ensure that what you build protects the worms from predators. Make your container from a material that can hold sufficient moisture for composting and still prevent the worms from drowning.
The choice of your worm farm determines how well the worms breed and multiply.
3. Prepare A Worm Bed.
Vermiculture experts recommend using torn layers of cardboard or newspaper as a bed for the worms. These materials enhance aeration and water availability in the worm kit. They also act as food for the worms.
You will require close to fifty pages of shredded newspaper. Spread it all over the kit, then make it dump by wetting it with sufficient water, ensure the bedding is not too wet though. Fill the bin past halfway with the damp newspaper shreds.
When you have enough bedding, add three to four cups of forest soil in the bin. This soil will introduce useful microorganisms in the media. The worms will also require to feed on the earth for enhanced digestion.
Consider adding leaves and other organic material. You need a lot of worm poop for quality fertilizer, So feed them right.
4. Choose the Best Worm Species for your Farm.
When choosing your worm species, consider the environmental conditions of your area. Worms need specific requirements to breed quickly.
Red Wigglers & Nightcrawlers are an excellent choice for composting. They ingest food scraps and organic waste fast enough to produce quality worm poop. This poop is what farmers value most since it comes with numerous beneficial properties to crop as compared to regular compost.
These worms castings have high nutrient percentages that are more available to crops than conventional chemicals and fertilizers. Nightcrawlers are known to produce more poop as they, although it eats fewer scraps than red wiggler.
Red wigglers from credible suppliers will see you making profits from the lowest input possible. And ensure that your kitchen waste is recycled in the best way possible. Always buy your worms from a reliable source.
5. Introduce the worms.
Bury food scraps under the beddings before introducing the worms. Fruits, tuber peels, vegetables, and other plant residues are the best food source. Do not add animal products to the composter!
If you introduce a pound of worms in a bin, add three pounds of food to eat. Remember, a worm eats double its weight. Also, avoid food with low, like citrus and oily nuts.
Worms prefer dark surroundings, so make them as comfortable as you can by placing enough material to bury themselves in.
When the worms are fully established and acquainted with their new home, they will start feeding like little piglets. Be sure to provide a variety of food to give them to enhance reproduction.
6. Cover and wait.
Cover the worm kits and give them time to munch on the scraps. Be sure to add more food daily or thrice in a week. Additionally, spray the worm beds with water if you find it too dry for comfort. Fluffing up the bedding is a necessary management routine to increase aeration in the kit.
Making a worm farm is an effortless procedure that comes with countless benefits. Don’t let your vegetable and fruit scraps go to waste when you can comfortably recycle it for some extra cash. Try vermiculture and see your farming drastically improve.