Organic farming has many benefits that most consumers already know about. For starters, organic farming ensures that consumers have access to fresh vegetables that are free of chemical contaminants, which are known to have adverse effects on human health. Secondly, this type of farming provides farmers with a year-round supply of fresh vegetables cost-effectively. Before you can start organic farming, however, you need to learn how to make organic fertilizer at home. After all, there is no need of buying organic fertilizer when you can make it at home cheaply, and have fun while doing it.
How to Make Organic Fertilizer
There are three key things that are needed to make organic fertilizer for your garden. The first is a composting bin. The second is earthworms. Thirdly, you will need organic waste, which will be converted to organic fertilizer in the bin. While you can use an old dresser drawer to make compost or use wood to make a compost bin, you can obtain superior results when you use compost bins.
Types of Worm Composting Bins
1. Rotating or Tumbling Composting Bins
It usually takes several weeks for compost to be ready. In fact, it may take over two months in some cases. Therefore, if you want to make organic fertilizer fast, you should consider using rotating or tumbling composting bins. These bins can be used to make organic fertilizer in as little as 5 weeks. These bins usually come with handles, which are used to turn the bin. While other compost bins usually require the user to mix the contents by hand or using a stick, these bins have a handle for turning or tumbling the bin to mix their contents. As a result, compost can be ready within a shorter period of time.
2. Plastic Stationary Bins
If you normally do composting on a regular basis, consider buying plastic stationary bins. These bins usually have holes or vents in certain parts, which help with ventilation. They also have doors, traps or slides to allow the user to manually mix the contents of the bin.
3. Wood Composter
You can use wood or pallets to make a compost box or bin outdoors. As you dispose of organic material, you will have to mix the contents of the composter manually.
4. Stone, Block or Brick Composter
These materials can be used to make protective walls for the compost area. When making a brick, stone or block composter, be sure to leave some small spaces in-between these building materials to allow for easy ventilation.
How Many Worms to Start a Compost Bin
Whichever type of compost bin you choose, you need to get the size right. As noted earlier, you will also need worms to prepare organic fertilizer. Worms usually eat organic matter, such as food scraps, fruit and vegetable cuttings, grass, leaves and other types of organic waste. After consuming these items, worms usually produce waste that’s rich in nutrients. This is what we call organic fertilizer. The more worms you have in your compost, the faster your compost will be ready. However, you also need to limit the number of worms in the compost to avoid overcrowding these important organisms.
Before you buy worms for your compost, you need to know how much organic waste you produce in a day. Composting worms usually eat half their weight daily. If you produce 2 lbs of organic waste daily, you need to buy around 4 lbs of composting worms. This will ensure that no waste will be left over for the following day.